Fast Facts: Artemis
- Pronunciation: AR-teh-miss
- Origin: Greek
- Role: Goddess of the Moon, Hunt, Forests and Archery
- Parents: Zeus and Leto
- Siblings: Apollo, Twin Brother
- Symbols: Bow and Arrows
- Other Name: Diana
Who Is Artemis?
Artemis was one of the most widely venerated of the Ancient Greek deities. Her Roman equivalent is Diana. She was often described as the daughter of Zeus and Leto. She was the goddess of chastity and hunting, with her golden bow and silver arrows. Her Roman equivalent is Diana.
Twin Sister of Apollo
Artemis is identified with the moon opposite her twin brother Apollo who is the god of the sun. Both oppose and complement each other. The myths also differ as to whether Artemis was born first, or Apollo.
A Virgin Goddess
Artemis is one of the three virgin goddesses of Mount Olympus. The other two being Athena and Hestia. She made the wish to remain virgin and chaste all her existence, like a Nymph. She even punished men who tried to seduce her or who made disrespectful remarks to her. One day indeed, she was surprised in her bath by Actaeon, she decided to turn him into a deer in all audacity. By her virginity, she was thus considered the Goddess protector of youth.
An Outstanding Huntress:
Artemis is part of the wild world, but its role is ambiguous. On one side, proud and rebellious, she is surrounded by wild animals. But on the other hand, she goes out in the moonlight to hunt deer and deer, armed with her bow and arrows.
Symbology & Attributes:
Artemis is very often symbolized with its golden bow and its silver arrows, attributes that allow it to be in adequacy with its role of huntress. She is also sometimes represented with the crescent moon.
Artemis’ chariot was made of gold and was pulled by four golden horned deer (Elaphoi Khrysokeroi). Her symbols included the golden bow and arrow, the hunting dog, the stag, and the moon.
Some illustrations of Artemis:
(1) “Diane of Versailles”. Hunting Artemis statue, accompanied by a deer.
(2) Remains of the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, Turkey, one of the Seven Wonders of the World.